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Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Prison Cosmetology School in Oklahoma

State’s first DOC cosmetology program gives marketable skills, hope to Oklahoma female inmates
MCLOUD, Okla. -- Kayla Jeffries of Grove flicks her perfectly-styled hair as she talks about her life outside of prison. An inmate at Mabel Bassett Correctional Facility in McLoud, Jeffries said she’s looking forward to the time when she can be reunited with her children while styling hair and doing makeup at a salon in Oklahoma.
“My mom said it was her dream for me to get my license, but it wasn’t something I had ever considered before,” said Jeffries. “This program means hope for my children. This really is a program of hope.”
Ashley Davis of Enid is serving her second prison sentence at Mabel Basset but says that learning to do cosmetology and eventually earning her cosmetology license while in prison will make all the difference for her when she is released in a few years.
“This is my second time in prison, and the first time I got out, I spent nine months not finding a job,” said Davis. “To be able to get out and have a job – that will make all the difference. I have three boys and they are so proud of me. I hear from my family all the time about how proud they are. This is life changing.”
At the Mabel Bassett Correctional Facility, ladies enrolled in the cosmetology school at the prison wore pink uniforms, a bright difference from the normal gray outfits, and bragged about the school. The school, a collaborative effort between the Oklahoma Department of Corrections and the Re-Entry Investment and Student Education (R.I.S.E) program, is offering incarcerated women an education in the field of cosmetology.
The program is the first beauty school behind bars in Oklahoma, a state famous for having the highest incarceration rate for women, and it’s the only program that allows women to take their Oklahoma State Cosmetology exam while behind bars.
For the prison inmates attending the program, the school doesn’t just give them an employable skill. It also gives them hope for a brighter future when released.
STYLING FOR THE FUTURE
On Friday, members of the Oklahoma Legislature, the DOC and the community attended an open house and reception at the prison’s cosmetology program. Greeted by pink-clad students offering plates of cookies and fruit, the guests heard first-hand from the students about the difference the program has made in their lives.
The program, supported through financial gifts, a grant from the AVEDIS Foundation and donated supplies, offers space for 20 women at a time in the one-year course. The women are required to complete 1,500 hours of instruction, and upon completion, they take the state exam, which allows them to receive their license prior to release.
In addition, the students offer services to other inmates at the prison and even to the staff. The DOC changed rules to allow for nail polish, so pedicures and manicures are allowed. So far, three women have already graduated the program with one other taking the state test that day.
RISE also offers job placement assistance, help with transitional housing and help with transportation, clothing and recovery support. Joseph Allbaugh, director of the DOC, said the program was vital in a time when the DOC reached yet another record number of inmates in the system.
“You not only have hope, but you have a path forward,” Allbaugh said. “You don’t have to just dream about it – you’re actually doing it.”
Christie Luther Downing, founder and executive director of the R.I.S.E. Program, said the school was a historic first for the state. In addition, the women who enroll in the program undergo a rigorous application process that includes a clean behavior record, letters of recommendation, an essay and more. Not every inmate is accepted.
“They get a free – yes, free – education,” said Downing. “As you can imagine, being the first in Oklahoma, the first in this yard, it’s a much sought-after program. In addition, the ladies in the yard who may not be in the program, but had a license and lost it can work to reinstate their license.”
All the students in the program are A students, she said, noting that the courses cover more than just cosmetology, but also physiology, anatomy and chemistry. The lowest average score in the group is 93.
“I hold the bar extremely high for these ladies, and I expect that they walk in integrity, and every one of them has met that high bar,” Downing said. “The cost of an education outside of the prison walls for cosmetology could be anywhere from $15,000 to $20,000. The actual cost to have each student here is approximately $7,000 to $8,000 and the cost to them is zero. These programs allow them to go out and get a job. They have the career tools ready for them.”
Start up cost for the Mabel Bassett program was minimal, according to Warden Debbie Aldridge.
Approximately $15,000 was spent mostly on plumbing and electrical for the “salon,” and the cabinets and benches were created by the maintenance staff out of recycled pallets.
“The cost of recidivism is higher,” Allbaugh said. “The cost to house an inmate is $19,000 to $28,000 a year, higher if they are 50 or older. The return on our investment is that if 10 of these ladies don’t come back, we’ve saved.”
Republican Sen. Stephanie Bice of Oklahoma City was in attendance, as well as several other legislators like Rep. Bobby Cleveland (R-Slaughterville), Rep. Rhonda Baker (R-Yukon), Rep. Greg Baninec (R-Cushing), Rep. Tammy West (R-OKC), Sen. Roger Thompson (R-Okemah) and Sen. Ron Sharp (R-Shawnee).
Bice said the legislature changed the law to allow those with felony convictions to have a cosmetology license in 2016.
“We changed that,” she said. “This is an important program. It is a fantastic opportunity for these ladies to get a head start in reintegrating in society and starting their lives over.”
BEHIND BARS and BEHIND THE TIMES
For the third time since December, the Oklahoma Department of Corrections announced another record number of 63,009 people in the department's system with 34,000 under probation, parole or other type of supervision.
In addition, more than 26,000 are incarcerated and 1,500 are in county jails awaiting transport to DOC.  
According to the study, “Evaluating the Effectiveness of Correctional Education A Meta-Analysis of Programs That Provide Education to Incarcerated Adults” sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, offenders on average are less educated than the general population. For example, in 2004, approximately 36 percent of individuals in stateprisons had attained less than a high school education compared with 19 percent of the general U.S. population age 16 and over.
In addition to having lower levels of educational attainment, offenders often lack vocational skills and a steady history of employment, which is a significant challenge for individuals returning from prison to local communities, the report said.
“And the dynamics of prison entry and re-entry make it hard for this population to accumulate meaningful, sustained employment experience. Finally, the stigma of having a felony conviction on one’s record is a key barrier to post-release employment.”
However, the study found that we found that, on average, inmates who participated in correctional education programs had 43 percent lower odds of recidivating than inmates who did not. These results were consistent even when researchers included the lower-quality studies in the analysis. This translates into a reduction in the risk of recidivating of 13 percentage points for those who participate in correctional education programs versus those who do not.
Rep. Babinec said he expected naysayers to be resentful of the educational opportunities given to inmates, but that education was key to reducing Oklahoma’s prison population and budget challenges.
“Programs like this are a must. We have to do things like this and move forward with doing things like this,” he said. “These women are doing the real work, and it’s a Herculean task to even get into the program. To be able to work out of here with a trade and go to work from day one, I just can’t calculate or imagine the savings that will come from these women being employed and the recidivism rate going way down.
“We are busting at the seams here, and so let’s give these folks a trade, get them back into society and make them productive. It’s incumbent upon us as a society to help those who are incarcerated so they won’t re-offend.
For the inmates enrolled in the program, reoffending is the last thing on their mind. Instead, they are looking forward to a career when they leave prison.
“At first I didn’t want to be in the program,” said Holly Bernhardt of Canton. “Now, I love it. I feel this is going to be good for me and my children when I get out.”
Davis said her dream would be to open a salon with her daughter and work side by side.
“We can have a family business… when I get released,” she said.

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

17th Annual Prison Christmas Project


it's now time to start donating $$ funds to assist us in our 17th annual #PrisonChristmasProject that this year will provide 1400 female offenders at Mabel Bassett CC with a gift packet of hygiene products just as the sample photo shows... each packet has 7 items: Shampoo, Conditioner, Body Wash, Lotion, Kleenix, Toothpaste, and Toothbrush. 
This is a HUGE PROJECT! Each packet costs on average $10 to assemble, which means we will need to raise over $14000.00 to complete the project. We must have all 1400 packets because no one must be left out...
So if you would want to donate $$ to assist us
you can either mail a CHECK to:
GIFTS CHARITIES INC 212 E. Main, Shawnee, Ok 74801
OR
use paypal at my website at this link ...
http://lettersforthelordprisonministry.blogspot.com
all funds will be turned into Gifts Charities Inc for this project.
Gifts Charities Inc is a 501(c)3 non profit so you can get a tax deductible receipt returned to you also if needed.
either way pray for this huge project and consider helping us.
This gift of hygiene products is sometimes the first and only gift a woman in prison has ever received. I have personally seen them come to faith in Christ after getting a gift from Him in His love.

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Let down and locked up: Why Oklahoma’s female incarceration is so high

Robyn Allen saw her daughter for the first time in two years from across the yard of Oklahoma’s largest women’s prison, the Mabel Bassett Correctional Center.
Because the two were serving time for the same 2013 methamphetamine case, they weren’t supposed to communicate. But as Allen’s daughter, Cherise Greer, was being loaded into a van on her way to another prison this summer, the guard turned away.
Greer, in an orange prison uniform, called out: “I love you.”
“She told me she loved me and said, ‘Mom, please don’t cry,’ ” said Allen, 52, wiping away tears as she recalled the moment.
When their paths crossed in June, Allen and her daughter were among more than 3,000 women serving time in Oklahoma, which for 25 years has led the nation in locking up women. The state imprisons 151 out of every 100,000 women, according to the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics– more than double the national rate.
In partnership with The Frontier, an Oklahoma journalism startup, Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting spent more than a year unearthing the causes. The reporting included obtaining a decade’s worth of state prison data never before analyzed by the state itself.
In Tulsa County, Reveal’s analysis shows that women’s sentences for some drug crimes decreased over the past seven years. That’s where an intensive program funded by oil billionaire George Kaiser’s foundation works to provide alternatives to prison for women facing long sentences for drug offenses and other crimes.The most common reason women end up in prison: drug possession. Oklahoma dealt out ever-longer sentences for these women, even as other conservative states reduced drug sentences as part of criminal justice system overhauls.
The burden of the state’s high incarceration rate falls hardest on women of color. Black women are incarcerated at about twice the rate of their representation in the state’s adult population, Reveal’s analysis shows. For Native American women, the disparity is almost three times their share of the population.

Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin has called the state’s No. 1 ranking for its female incarceration rate “a dubious honor … not something I’m proud of.” The Republican recently pushed state lawmakers to approve new justice reform laws, with mixed results.Credit: Sue Ogrocki/Associated Press
At a recent national summit on female incarceration, Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin called the No. 1 ranking “a dubious honor … not something I’m proud of.”
“I’ve jokingly told crowds we don’t have meaner women in Oklahoma. We just have some that have some issues,” said Fallin, the event’s keynote speaker.
As a Republican governor of one of the reddest states in the nation, Fallin has warmed slowly to the idea of justice reform. She appointed a task force that studied Oklahoma’s justice system andrecommended an overhaul to stem the flow of inmates. Recently, she pushed lawmakers to approve new reform laws, with mixed results.
State voters got tired of waiting for lawmakers to act and passed reformsthat became effective in July making possession of drugs for personal use a misdemeanor.
It’s unclear how deeply the state understands the problem because it took a year and a half for Reveal to obtain a workable database to analyze. Even that data is imperfect, but it is the most complete of several incomplete and flawed data sets provided in response to a public records request filed in January 2016.
Reveal found the average sentence length for drug crimes differs markedly throughout the state, with more rural counties having the highest female incarceration rates.
Stephens County – a largely rural area where Allen and her daughter were convicted – ranked third per capita in sentencing women to prison.
Allen was given a 20-year sentence after police found 20 grams of methamphetamine, an amount that just meets the legal definition for drug trafficking. Still, her sentence is nearly twice as long as the statewide average for women convicted of trafficking.

Susan Sharp, a retired sociology professor at the University of Oklahoma, is a nationally recognized expert on female incarceration. Her research shows justice is not dispensed evenly across the state.Credit: Glassbreaker Films
Susan Sharp, a national expert on female incarceration, wrote “Mean Lives, Mean Laws,” detailing how Oklahoma women became “collateral damage in the War on Drugs.”
Her research also shows justice is not dispensed evenly across the state, displaying another example of the chronic equity divides in criminal justice across America. Poor women in Oklahoma’s rural areas are more likely to draw the wrath of judges and prosecutors. Women who can afford private attorneys are more likely to get shorter sentences for the same crimes, especially if they live in urban areas with specialty courts for drug addiction or mental health issues.
“There are some counties that are extremely harsh, that almost anyone convicted will go to prison,” Sharp told Reveal during an interview at her home near the University of Oklahoma, where she recently retired as a sociology professor. “The district attorney is the most powerful player in the courtroom. … And if they are trying to build a reputation of being tough on crime, they’re basically going for the low-hanging fruit.”

‘Don’t shoot her’

Allen and her adult daughter, Greer, were low-hanging fruit in Duncan. The town is known for its rich farmland and colorful crepe myrtle trees. A sign on the way into town advertises Duncan as “Outlaw Country.” In the late 1800s, cowboys drove millions of head of cattle from Texas to Kansas along the Chisholm Trail, passing through land that later became Duncan.
Allen said she had a feeling for months that someone was watching her – and that a knock on the door by law enforcement was coming. Instead, it was a kick to the door on a chilly February afternoon in 2013.
Allen was smoking a cigarette in her bedroom when she saw Greer drop to the floor. The glowing red laser sight of a gun focused on Greer’s forehead. Allen thought she was a goner.
“Don’t shoot her. It’s me,” Allen said she told the local law enforcement officers who kicked in the door. “I’m the bad one.”

WATCH

They found the meth in Allen’s bedroom – most of it stashed in a black purse decorated with gold stars – along with glass pipes and other paraphernalia.
Five adults lived in the stone two-story house – Allen, Greer, two other relatives and a friend – along with Greer’s 4-year-old daughter.
The five were arrested and charged with drug crimes, but only Allen was sent directly to prison as a result. Her daughter, now 32, initially received probation but now is serving an eight-year sentence after a new drug offense last year.
At the time of her arrest, Allen was out of work, waiting for disability payments for a back injury she said she suffered five years earlier while cleaning rooms at a Holiday Inn. The state’s disability waiting list never seemed to budge.
In desperation, Allen traded the Lortab painkillers and Xanax she was prescribed by her doctor for meth, which she used and sold. She was caught with 20 grams of meth, the minimum needed to charge her with drug trafficking instead of possession.
The charge was Allen’s first felony. Two decades earlier, she had misdemeanors for bouncing a check and failing to return a rented video game system.
At her 2013 sentencing hearing, Allen told District Judge Joe Enos that she’d been addicted to meth for half her life.
“It has destroyed my whole family. … I take full responsibility,” she told Enos. She asked him to send her to a drug treatment program. She had tried to get into treatment in the past, she told him, but no beds were available.
“I don’t ever want to be around meth anymore,” she said in court. “I seen what it does.”
The prosecutor asked for 30 years in prison, while Allen’s attorney argued for leniency – some time in prison, but also a treatment program.
Enos, known locally for running a stern courtroom, told Allen: “You are a specific provider and supplier of these drugs to many of the individuals who have succumbed to the terrible effects of methamphetamine.”
The drug, often made in homemade labs, killed 167 people in Oklahoma that year – though Allen had no established connection to any of them.
In the end, Allen took a “blind plea,” leaving the sentence up to the judge, and Enos sentenced her to 20 years for trafficking in illegal drugs. That sentence is twice the maximum amount of time recommended by the state task force.
Enos and the Stephens County district attorney’s office did not return multiple calls seeking comment. Enos retired from the state judiciary in January 2015 and now serves as a part-time municipal judge.
When Allen first arrived at the Mabel Bassett Correctional Center – a 1,200-bed concrete lockup in central Oklahoma – a guard asked her: “Robyn, who did you make mad?” That’s when she said she found out that two women on the same pod received four and five years for trafficking.
Allen wrote to Enos, asking him to reduce her sentence. She didn’t hear back.
“Poured my heart into that letter,” Allen said, sobbing, “and I didn’t get nothing.”

‘They need help’

Shorter sentences for low-level and first-time drug offenders could make a big difference in the state’s overall female incarceration rate.
Reveal’s analysis focused on sentences for drug possession and distribution – two of the top crimes that land women in Oklahoma’s prisons. Women convicted of drug possession there last year were sentenced to an average of 6.2 years – a 29 percent increase from a decade ago.
The exception is Tulsa County, where judges handed down shorter prison terms to women. Sentences for possession there dropped to 3.3 years in 2016, down by a quarter from 2006. Reveal also found evidence suggesting that Tulsa judges have been splitting sentences and assigning shorter prison terms combined with probation or other types of supervision.
Tulsa County bucked the state trend in the number of women sentenced to prison overall, too. While that number has climbed each year since 2009 in the rest of the state, it fell by more than half in Tulsa County.
The downward trend follows the 2009 launch of Women in Recovery, a Tulsa-based nonprofit program that has received national acclaim. While it’s impossible to attribute the decline to one factor, experts say the program deserves a large share of the credit.
Women charged with certain offenses who face long sentences instead are diverted to the program, where they receive intensive oversight, including drug counseling, help with employment and life skills classes.
At a graduation ceremony in February, 16 women filed into a packed, brightly lit room as friends and relatives cheered and clapped.
One graduate recalled how she sold drugs, was addicted during her third pregnancy and saw her children taken from her after she left methadone within reach of her 11-month-old baby. She was going either to prison or Women in Recovery.

Former graduates of Women in Recovery, a Tulsa-based nonprofit diversion program, show up to support new graduates at a ceremony earlier this year.Credit: Shane Brown for Reveal
“I can’t find words to express the gratitude I have for Women in Recovery,” she said during her speech. “You not only helped me process every trauma I’ve experienced, you taught me how to cope with living life without using – the greatest gift an addict can receive.”
Women graduate from the program with a job, an apartment and renewed relationships with relatives who may have given up hope. The program claims a three-year recidivism rate of about 4 percent. A new “pay for success” agreement soon will allow Women in Recovery to earn money from the state for each woman who successfully completes the program.
But while the program is praised for its impact, it reaches only about 150 women each year.
The director of the state’s prison system, Joe Allbaugh, bluntly assessed Oklahoma’s failure to rehabilitate women.
“All we’re doing is keeping those beds in cells warm for their kids, because there are no tools being offered anywhere in the system to help these individuals stop their behavior,” he said. “They need help. They don’t need prison.”
Less than one-third of women released from prison who needed treatment for drug or alcohol misuse received it in prison, according to an Oklahoma Department of Corrections survey.

Joe Allbaugh, director of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections, is worried about how the state will continue to get by with dwindling funds and an increasing prison population.Credit: Glassbreaker Films
Allbaugh is worried about how the state will continue to get by with dwindling funds and prisons bulging at the seams. Hundreds of temporary bunks are crammed in spaces that once held treatment programs and life skills classes. Thousands of prisoners have flowed into costlier private prisons, and more than 1,500 are backed up in county jails, waiting for a prison bed.
Oklahoma prisons are drastically understaffed and their staff are dramatically underpaid: More than one-third of the state’s correctional officers qualify for food stamps.
Lawmakers scrambled to fill a budget deficit of nearly $900 million this year. Then the state Supreme Court cut off one bit of salvation, rulingunconstitutional Oklahoma’s reliance on a new cigarette fee to fill part of the gap.
While costly new programs are out of the question, many reforms that would reduce the number of women in prison cost only political courage.
The state task force that studied Oklahoma’s prison problem issued more than two dozen policy recommendations. Many focused on reforming the most punitive laws, slashing sentences for some drug crimes in half.
State statutes list more than 30 crimes requiring those convicted to serve 85 percent of their sentences, including six drug crimes. Oklahoma also has a “three strikes” law that can result in women being sentenced to life in prison without parole for drug crimes. Today, at least seven women are serving life sentences for drug crimes.

‘Buckle of the Bible belt’

Kris Steele, a former Oklahoma House speaker, had an epiphany in 2009: Runaway spending on prisons wasn’t translating into a safer state.
“When I began to sort of do my homework,” he said, “I realized that even though we were spending more than we ever had on incarcerating more people than we ever had, our crime rate had continued to increase.”
In 2012, Steele – a Republican leader – was an early advocate for reform, but found himself fighting a losing battle with the current governor, Fallin, and others opposed to reducing penalties for drug offenses.
“Every time the conversation began to gain steam or gain traction, somebody would come in and beat somebody in an election over the issue,” he said. “You know, they would campaign against him for being soft on crime … and so it would just always come undone.”
Steele now runs The Education and Employment Ministry, or TEEM, a nonprofit devoted to helping people re-enter the workforce after prison. He continues to advocate for reforms that save prison beds for the worst offenders.
Other red states that tend to be tougher on crime – including Texas, Utah, Kentucky, Mississippi and Georgia – have revised sentencing laws so that most prison beds are reserved for violent and career criminals. Because it costs far less to treat people with drug addiction than it does to lock them up, low-level offenders could be placed in treatment programs and governments could plow the savings back into more diversion programs.
That was the plan Oklahoma voters approved last year, making drug possession a misdemeanor and directing into treatment programs the money saved from sending fewer people to prison.
Oklahoma County District Attorney David Prater was not among the measure’s supporters. On any given day, his Oklahoma City office handles the fate of more women than any other DA’s office in the state. The change, he said, robs prosecutors of a crucial bargaining chip. However, figures show the number of women being sent to prison from Prater’s county has increased 35 percent since 2009.
Steele praised Texas Republicans, including former Gov. Rick Perry, now the U.S. energy secretary, for having the courage to support bold reform.
“They said, ‘Look, you know, there’s people who are dangerous and need to be incarcerated. But we’ve got to make sure that we have the space and resources available to incarcerate those individuals and not the low-level offender who could be better served in the community through treatment and mental health care,’ ” Steele said.
“That’s exactly what they said, and that’s exactly what they did.”
On a deeper level, attitudes toward women accused of crimes need to change if the state is to shed its No. 1 incarceration ranking, Prater said. He points to a “buckle of the Bible belt” attitude in which women sometimes are viewed “as property.”
“The No. 1 thing that Oklahomans can do to address this issue is change their attitude about how we view women, how women should be treated, how we treat our children and how we treat each other,” he said.
The state’s 2010 survey of about 300 female prisoners found that two-thirds reported being victims of domestic violence as an adult. About the same number said they were physically or sexually abused as a child, and more than one-third reported being raped as an adult.
Sharp, the female incarceration expert, said some Oklahoma residents have a notion of “proper womanhood” that can warp the process of dispensing justice.
“I think the general population of the state feels that a woman – particularly a woman who has children who uses drugs – violates all the norms in a way that they find unacceptable,” she said, “and they would rather see those children grow up in foster care than to be with a mother who had a drug problem.”

‘Totally backwards’

By the time she wound up in prison the last time, Susan Watkins had suffered a lifetime of horrific abuse. She said she was raped when she was 5 and forced to watch a relative engage in sexual activity. Watkins, now 52, said that if she and her siblings didn’t watch, they would be punished.
She married at 14 and later became hooked on the rush of meth, which made her teeth fall out. She lost her 23-year-old daughter, who died from a brain aneurysm.
Mug shots through the years show the physical toll Watkins’ addiction has taken.
She spoke with Reveal in September 2016 when she was at the Dr. Eddie Warrior Correctional Center, a minimum-security women’s prison in northeast Oklahoma. The facility is a collection of low concrete buildings spread out across a grassy campus dotted with a few trees.
“I done everything to get my drugs. I was homeless. I ate out of trash cans behind McDonald’s,” she said, her voice trembling. “I thought losing my daughter would get me off of it, but I got on it more heavy.”
Watkins’ record illustrates the uneven nature of Oklahoma courts, too. While Robyn Allen’s first felony got her a 20-year sentence and no offer of drug treatment, Watkins has been charged with three felonies and four misdemeanors since 1998, yet has avoided a lengthy prison sentence and was offered treatment multiple times.
In a case last year, Watkins was charged with drug possession within 1,000 feet of a school. She faced a potential 10-year sentence for the crime in Pittsburg County, an area of southeastern Oklahoma known for its poverty and high number of meth labs.
Instead, prosecutors offered Watkins a stint at Eddie Warrior’s Regimented Treatment Program – a boot camp-style program that lasts up to a year.
Women in the program routinely march in formation around the prison grounds, with cadences led by inmates within the unit. They conduct drills and exercise together, with a focus on personal discipline. Unlike many prison cultures, the unit is clean and quiet; bunks are squared away.
There, Watkins enrolled in a communications class, worked on obtaining her GED certificate and started learning to read, something she never mastered during her traumatic childhood. Released from prison in December, Watkins now is living in Tulsa.
Women who end up in Oklahoma’s prisons often lack a basic education. The state had the nation’s deepest cuts to education on a per-student basis. Students in nearly 100 districts attended school four days a week last year because their districts couldn’t afford five-day weeks.
In a recent local news story, veteran Oklahoma defense attorney Rob Nigh blasted the state for locking up so many of its residents at the expense of educating them. Nigh recently retired after running the Tulsa County public defender’s office.
“I know where my clients come from,” Nigh told The Frontier. “They are the ones that don’t graduate. “And instead of investing in teachers and equipment and technology and a higher level of education, we spend our money designing new prisons and figuring contracts with private corrections corporations, which is totally backwards.
“I don’t know how we can continue to exist this way.”
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