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Tuesday, March 1, 2011

INTERVENTION & DIVERSION

INTERVENTION & DIVERSION ACTION PLAN:
 Overarching Strategies
Expand critical services to at-risk individuals, populations & communities.
Enhance public safety while implementing/expanding lower cost alternatives to incarceration for non-violent female offenders.
Note: A number of the Intervention & Diversion strategies are incorporated in Oklahoma's Smart on Crime Initiative.
STATE:
Undertake a comprehensive evaluation of the Oklahoma criminal justice system (arrest through reentry) to identify opportunities to reduce spending,increase public safety, & improve conditions in communities & neighborhoods most affected by incarceration.
Expand the availability of mental health,substance abuse & domestic violence services throughout the state.
Expand mental health & substance abuse treatment availability for persons entering the criminal justice system.
 Suggested approaches include:
Train police responders in every community to identify substance abuse & mental health symptoms.
Establish a system of psychiatric/addiction responders throughout the state to respond to the scene to help divert individuals.
Support evidence-based alternatives to prison for non-violent female offenders.
Support legislation that authorizes a pilot program & provides support for alternative & reentry programs for female offenders.
Expand mental health court,drug court,juvenile court,veterans' court & community sentencing programs.
Implement standardized mental health & addiction screening in county jails to facilitate appropriate treatment & diversion.
Remove barriers that prevent suitable offenders from entering mental  health court,drug court, juvenile court,veterans' court & community sentencing.
Require program evaluations to include consistent implementation, adherence to best practices, outcomes & opportunities to modify target population.
Monitor use of alternatives to incarceration to ensure they are not being used in lieu of local options.
Evaluate whether citation in lieu of arrest can be expanded.
Support legislation & statue changes that will reduce incarceration of low risk, non-violent female offenders.
Establish the default sentence sequence as concurrent rather than consecutive.
Repeal the prohibition against probation sentences for non-violent offenses.
Enact presumptive probation sentences for drug possession crimes.
Eliminate mandatory minimum prison sentences for drug possession & non-violent felonies, except for provisions of the Habitual Offender Act.
Standardize the penalty for equal quantities of crack & powder cocaine.
Change marijuana possession of one ounce or less to a misdemeanor subject to fines, community service,mandatory treatment & jail.
Institute & provide funding for mandatory treatment for drug offenders.
Repeal the statutory prohibition against suspended sentences for certain offenses, allowing courts to use community supervision programs as alternative to prison.
Enhance programs & services for juveniles within the Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) system to reduce risk of incarceration.
COMMUNITY:
(including businesses,faith-based organizations & community based organizations, county & local governments etc)
Support education programs for judges, district attorneys,prosecutors & law enforcement regarding alternatives to incarceration & services.
Expand evidence-based detoxification & treatment programs police can utilize for offenders arrested on possession of drugs/alcohol.
Enhance & support initiatives that identify & assist at-risk women.
INDIVIDUAL:
Educate, advocate & volunteer.
Suggested approaches include:
Volunteer with the local mental health or substance abuse advocacy/treatment/support group.
Work with businesses to gain employment for offenders.
Educate those in your family, neighborhood,faith-based organization,social circle or professional circle about intervention & redirection.
Raise funds for organizations that serve at-risk populations.
Work with faith-based organizations in drug,mental health or credit counseling programs.
Mentor a young woman who is at risk of incarceration.
Volunteer with a non-profit credit/financial counseling service.


 


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